Related questions and answers
Tomatoes – Tomatoes are one of the easiest seeds to start indoors (and probably the most popular too!). Sow them indoors about 6-8 weeks before average last frost. Wait to plant the seedlings into the garden until the soil has warmed and all chance of frost is gone.
Start by separating all your packets of seed into two piles: those that will be "direct-sown" (planted right in the garden) and those that will be started indoors. The outdoors pile will include most vegetables, such as peas, beans, corn, radishes, carrots, beets, lettuce, spinach, melons, cucumbers, and squash.
For example, a plant may be described as "hardy to zone 10": this means that the plant can withstand a minimum temperature of 30 °F (−1.1 °C) to 40 °F (4.4 °C). Other hardiness rating schemes have been developed as well, such as the UK Royal Horticultural Society and US Sunset Western Garden Book systems.
March in USDA zone 9 is a good time to plant a few types of cut flowers. These are protected from any lingering bad weather because their bulbs and tubers. Dahlias (Dahlias spp.) range between 1 to 6 feet tall and produce a mass of color.
Do you water seeds every day? Yes, seeds normally need to be watered at least once per day to keep the soil moist, not permitting it to dry out. In especially warm climates (or depending on your soil or garden setup), you may need to water more than once per day.
Most of the United Kingdom is located in USDA zone 9, although climates as chilly as zone 8 or as mild as zone 10 aren't uncommon. As a general rule, the UK is marked primarily by cool (but not frigid) winters and warm (but not scorching) summers.
You can use egg cartons as a seed-starting tray! Depending on the type of carton you have, you can even cut apart the individual sections and plant them, as the carton will biodegrade. Be sure to poke small holes for drainage, and put the cartons on a tray or in a shallow pan to catch any residual water.
Certain varieties grow well when seeds are started indoors and later transplanted, while other seed varieties grow best when directly sown outdoors.
Seeds that shouldn't be started indoors
Seven Steps, from Seed to Garden
- Get the timing right. The goal with seed starting is to have your seedlings ready to go outside when the weather is favorable.
- Find the right containers.
- Prepare the potting soil.
- Start Planting.
- Water, feed, repeat.
- Light, light, light!
- Move seedlings outdoors gradually.
The growing season in zone 9 typically lasts from late February to early December. Planting season extends all the way to the end of the year if the days are mostly sunny.
You should perform a germination test to what percent of the seeds sprout. If half of the ones you sow sprout. Then you plant multiple seeds into a hole. Generally if you plant multiple seeds into a hole, if both plants grow out you will have to cut, kill or transplant the secondary (usually weaker) plant.
Popular Annual Flowers Common in Zone 9
- Zinnia (Zinnia spp.)
- Verbena (Verbena spp.)
- Sweet pea (Lathyrus)
- Poppy (Papaver spp.)
- African marigold (Tagetes erecta)
- Ageratum (Ageratum houstonianum)
- Phlox (Phlox drumondii)
- Bachelor button (Centaurea cyanus)
3 Easiest Vegetables to Grow from Seed
- Radishes are easy to sow and grow in most gardens. Radishes.
- Beet leaves can be eaten as well as the delicious roots. Beets.
- Slugs will take bites out of radishes and beets. Drought Stress.
Another option is to tuck seeds directly into soil outdoors. Planting seeds this way is called direct sowing, and it's an easy process that yields great results. Even so, many vegetables, annuals, herbs and perennials sprout easily from seed sown directly into garden soil.
Plants in zone 9a will tolerate minimum temperatures of no lower than 20 to 25 degrees Fahrenheit. In 9b, the lowest temperature for flowers or plants should be 25 to 30 degrees Fahrenheit. Zone 9 occupies most of the lower states including California, Arizona, Texas, and Florida, to name a few.
Hardiness Zone: 8
Use Yoplait Kids Plastic Cups/ or any other item in your kitchen to start your seeds indoors. Use Plastic wrap over each of your homemade containers until your seed sprouts to keep in the warmth. Use Seed Starting Soil Mix– it's lighter. The other stuff may work or it may not.
When to Start Seeds Indoors
As a general rule, most annual vegetables should be sown indoors about six weeks before the last frost in your area. See local frost dates.
Hardiness Zone: 9
- Air Plants.
- Bee Balm.
10 Quick Blooming Flowers to Grow from Seed
- Sweet Alyssum.
- Johnny Jump-ups.
- Annual Phlox.
It is better to plant your seedlings on a cloudy day or in the late afternoon or evening when winds are calm to avoid transplant shock.
Once the seeds have sprouted, remove the cover. When the seedlings are young, you may want to re-cover them for a few hours a day to keep them from drying out. Over many years of growing my own plants, one thing that really helped me out was using a turkey baster to water the young seedlings.
Soaking seeds before planting helps you to break down the seed's natural defenses against what it expects from Mother Nature, which then allows it to germinate faster. Another reason is that while Mother Nature actively assaults seeds, she also gave those seeds an internal gauge to help them know when they should grow.
10 Vegetables You Should Start Indoors
- Broccoli and Cauliflower. If you like broccoli or cauliflower, consider starting these vegetables inside.
- Tomatoes. Tomatoes are a favorite among gardeners and there is such a wide variety to choose from.
- Lettuces. Salad lovers rejoice!
How to Start Vegetable Seeds Indoors
- Purchase your seeds from a trusted source.
- Pot with seed-starting mix.
- Make sure your containers have drainage holes.
- Plant seeds at the proper depth.
- After sowing, set the containers in a warm location.
- Keep seed-starting mix moist.
- As soon as seedlings emerge, place pots in a bright location.
While you learn how seed starting works, indoor sow no more than a couple dozen plants in three or four varieties. It's not complicated or difficult once you understand the process, but it's best to start small so you don't get overwhelmed at first.